Crimea . It is the official state language of Ukraine and one of the three official languages in the unrecognized state of Transnistriathe other two being Romanian and Russian. Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic script see Ukrainian alphabet.
Colonialism is a practice of domination, which involves the subjugation of one people to another. One of the difficulties in defining colonialism is that it is hard to distinguish it from imperialism. Frequently the two concepts are treated as synonyms.
The English Language can be traced back to the mixture of Anglo-Saxon dialects that came to these shores 1, years ago. Since then it has been played with, altered and transported around the world in many different forms. The language we now recognise as English first became the dominant language in Great Britain during the Middle Ages, and in Ireland during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Combined with traditional methods of teaching English, which rely on positivist views of Eurocentric critics, these texts become a means of interpellation of the learner. This paper investigates the effects of teaching of English in the Pakistani context in terms of identity and subject construction of learners. As a case study, the research sampled responses from learners in the city of Islamabad. The findings indicate that a certain level of subject construction does occur in learners of English depending on teaching methods and school environment.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Western lifestyle or European civilization, is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe. The term has come to apply to countries whose history is strongly marked by European immigration, such as the countries of the Americas and Australasia, and is not restricted to the continent of Europe. Western culture is characterized by a host of artistic, philosophic, literary, and legal themes and traditions; the heritage of Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Jewish, Slavic, Latin, and other ethnic and linguistic groups, as well as Christianity, which played an important part in the shaping of Western civilization since at least the 4th century.
English languageWest Germanic language of the Indo-European language family that is closely related to FrisianGermanand Dutch in Belgium called Flemish languages. It is also an official language of Indiathe PhilippinesSingaporeand many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa. English is the first choice of foreign language in most other countries of the world, and it is that status that has given it the position of a global lingua franca.
No language in history has dominated the world quite like English does today. Is there any point in resisting? By Jacob Mikanowski.
IMAGE Steam-powered looms were just one of the innovations of the Industrial Revolution from How Stuff Worksoriginal from Getty Images The dates may be rather arbitrary, but the main distinction between Early Modern and Late Modern English or just Modern English as it is sometimes referred to lies in its vocabulary - pronunciation, grammar and spelling remained largely unchanged. Late Modern English accumulated many more words as a result of two main historical factors: the Industrial Revolution, which necessitated new words for things and ideas that had not previously existed; and the rise of the British Empire, during which time English adopted many foreign words and made them its own. No single one of the socio-cultural developments of the 19th Century could have established English as a world language, but together they did just that. Most of the innovations of the Industrial Revolution of the late 18th and early 19th Century were of British origin, including the harnessing of steam to drive heavy machinery, the development of new materials, techniques and equipment in a range of manufacturing industries, and the emergence of new means of transportation e.
This had been done since at least BC. As for syntax and vocabulary this Sino-Vietnamese language was no more different from the Chinese of Beijing than medieval English Latin was different from the Latin of Rome. Chinese was used extensively in government and administration, especially for entry via the Confucian examination system in Vietnamwhich was conducted solely in van ngon.