Northern County Psychiatric Associates. We have been using these medications for years. Despite some dramatic media reports, the stimulants have a fairly good safety record.
Ritalin is a stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD and narcolepsy. It affects the parts of the brain and central nervous system that control hyperactivity and impulses. Ritalin is one of the trade names for the drug known as methylphenidate.
Ritalin is one of the common treatment options used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD. Although this stimulant can improve symptoms of ADHD, it can also cause some side effects. Ritalin can be misused, and that comes with the risk of more serious side effects throughout the body. It should only be used with medical supervision.
Ritalin methylphenidate is a central nervous system stimulant. It affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control. You should not use Ritalin if you have glaucomatics or Tourette's syndrome, or severe anxiety, tension, or agitation.
Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex. Methylphenidate is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD. It belongs to the group of medicines called central nervous system CNS stimulants.
Stimulant medications such as Ritalin have been prescribed for decades to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHDand their popularity as "cognition enhancers" has recently surged among the healthy, as well. What's now starting to catch up is knowledge of what these drugs actually do in the brain. In a paper publishing online this week in Biological Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin-Madison psychology researchers David Devilbiss and Craig Berridge report that Ritalin fine-tunes the functioning of neurons in the prefrontal cortex PFC - a brain region involved in attention, decision-making and impulse control - while having few effects outside it.
Background : Ritalin has high tendency to be abused. It has been the main indication to control attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The college students may seek for it to improve their memory, decrease the need for sleep especially during examswhich at least partially, can be related to serotonergic system. Therefore, it seems worthy to evaluate the effect of Ritalin intake on mature brain.
It is also sometimes prescribed for the treatment of narcolepsy. Street Names While Ritalin is widely prescribed for use, it is also widely abusedespecially among younger users. It is often sold on the street under the following names:.
To determine whether the effects of methylphenidate on the dopaminergic system are modified by age and to test the hypothesis that methylphenidate treatment of young but not adult patients with ADHD induces lasting effects on the cerebral blood flow response to dopamine challenge, a noninvasive probe for dopamine function. Additional inclusion criteria were male sex, age 10 to 12 years or 23 to 40 years, and stimulant treatment—naive status. Treatment with either methylphenidate or a matched placebo for 16 weeks. Change in the cerebral blood flow response to an acute challenge with methylphenidate, noninvasively assessed using pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging, between baseline and 1 week after treatment.