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Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases characterized by weakness and wasting away of muscle tissue, with or without the breakdown of nerve tissue. There are 9 types of muscular dystrophy, with each type involving an eventual loss of strength, increasing disability, and possible deformity. Listed below are the 9 different types of muscular dystrophy.
Neuromuscular disease is a broad term that encompasses many diseases and ailments that impair the functioning of the muscleseither directly, being pathologies of the voluntary muscleor indirectly, being pathologies of nerves or neuromuscular junctions. Neuromuscular diseases are those that affect the muscles and their direct nervous system control; problems with central nervous control can cause either spasticity or some degree of paralysis from both lower and upper motor neuron disordersdepending on the location and the nature of the problem. Some examples of central disorders include cerebrovascular accidentParkinson's diseasemultiple sclerosisHuntington's disease and Creutzfeldt—Jakob disease.
Error: This is required. Error: Not a valid value. The neuromuscular system includes all the muscles in the body and the nerves serving them.
In this article, we shall look at the anatomical course of the nerve, and the motor, sensory and parasympathetic functions of its terminal branches. The course of the facial nerve is very complex. There are many branches, which transmit a combination of sensory, motor and parasympathetic fibres.
Product discontinued. Replaced by ActiStim Click here to read more. The Neuro-4 is an advanced development in neuromuscular electrical stimulation for clinic or home use.
By Juan L. Proprioception is a quality of somatosensibility that informs the central nervous system about the static and dynamics of muscles and joints. In muscles, the proprioceptive originates in the specialized sensory-organ-denominated muscle spindles.
Understanding facial paralysis is appreciating the significant impact that loss of facial expression and function can have on your physical, psychological, and social well-being. Your facial rehabilitation specialist is aware of the pervasive, life-altering effects of facial paralysis and will empower you with the knowledge and skills necessary to restore maximal facial function. By achieving improved facial symmetry, improved ocular and oral control, and a return of effective nonverbal communication facial expressionyou will experience a recovery of your self image and social interactions.
These disorders can cause your muscles to become weak and waste away. You may also have symptoms such as spasms, twitching, and pain. There can be different causes for these diseases.
Individuals with facial paralysis and distorted facial expressions and movements secondary to a facial neuromotor disorder experience substantial physical, psychological, and social disability. Previously, facial rehabilitation has not been widely available or considered to be of much benefit. An emerging rehabilitation science of neuromuscular reeducation and evidence for the efficacy of facial neuromuscular reeducation, a process of facilitating the return of intended facial movement patterns and eliminating unwanted patterns of facial movement and expression, may provide patients with disorders of facial paralysis or facial movement control opportunity for the recovery of facial movement and function.