As waves of Chinese and Southeast Asian immigrants flood New York City in search of better lives, their expanding neighborhoods are being plagued by increasingly violent street gangs and new criminal enterprises that law-enforcement officials say may come to rival the Mafia in its heyday. The crimes, concentrated almost entirely in the hard-working Chinese community itself, are likely to mount even more as three forces separately challenge the traditional order of the tongs, the fraternal societies that have ruled Chinatown for generations. One is the growth of street gangs fighting for control of burgeoning Asian communities in Queens and Brooklyn.
They were founded in Long Beach, California in the s as part of their cause to protect themselves from the larger, more numerous American gangs in their neighborhoods. Initially, a mere cause which connected numerous youth crews and gangs across Long Beach, Santa Ana and shortly after nearby cities, they are now an established network and identity of individual "sets" or local gangs. Its members identify gray as their gang's color of distinction, a custom and practice that has waned somewhat in accordance to the police crackdowns specifically targeting gang members, but members have been seen to dress in all black with a gray rag representing their set.
All good brother. But tvls got the chi on lock. Chi, Memphis and other states following this dream my pops have.
Millions were killed, and an exodus of refugees left first for neighboring Thailand, and then further abroad to France, Australia, and the United States. In the s, the U. Hundreds of Cambodian boys joined or formed gangs in response to their new surroundings. Photographer Stuart Isett started documenting these communities, in Uptown Chicago and elsewhere, in the early s.
The centerpiece was a black altar topped by six large urns and a statue. There were imposing high-back chairs for dignitaries as well as seating for about others. But in checking further, authorities discovered that this was no house of worship.
It is the second largest Triad group in the world with around 25, members split into thirty subgroups. They are the main rival of the Sun Yee Onwhich is the largest Triad. The 14K is responsible for large-scale drug trafficking around the world, most of it heroin and opium from China or Southeast Asia.
Although there are many sub-gangs that have developed from Tongs and other Asian gangs, for example the Hip Sing that is often mentioned but not in detail, there were various criminal activities run in Chicago by another famous and notorious Asian gang, the Triads. Symbolized by a triangle representing the union of heaven, earth, and man, the Triads having dealings in money laundering, drugs, prostitution, and many more, all of which I will discuss later. The Triads differ from other criminal organizations in that they follow a rigid structure or hierarchy that has existed for hundreds of years and is also the base for many other Asian gangs. A horizontal hierarchical structure is followed, with the San Chu, the center of the organization, Heung Chu, the ceremonial officer, Sing Fung, similar to a recruiting officer, Red Poles encompass many different jobs such as enforcers, hit-men, and usually have direct control with the operations of the Triad groups.
Several large Irish gangs, such as the Dukies and the Shielders, exerted a powerful influence on the street life around the stockyards, raiding peddlers, robbing men leaving work, fighting among themselves, and terrorizing the GermanJewishand Polish immigrants who settled there from the s to the s. During this period, gangs became entrenched in the patronage networks of ward machines. Based in saloons and clubhouses, and often claiming the membership of over a hundred men ranging from their late teens to early thirties, these clubs ensured the elections of their patrons by stuffing ballot boxes and intimidating voters.